Email Disclosures

RBC Clearing & Custody, a division of RBC Capital Markets, LLC (“RBC CM”, “we”, “us”, “our”) is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) as both a broker-dealer and an investment adviser. RBC Capital Markets, LLC, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of, and separate legal entity from, Royal Bank of Canada. Royal Bank of Canada does not guarantee any debts or obligations of RBC Capital Markets, LLC.

We believe RBC’s assets under administration and market capitalization reflect the company’s fiscal stewardship. However, these business metrics affect neither the performance nor the implied protection of investments held in accounts at RBC Clearing & Custody.

You may receive services from RBC CM as a client of another broker-dealer or registered investment adviser for which RBC CM provides custody and clearing services through its RBC Clearing & Custody division.

The information provided should not be considered a solicitation to purchase or sell any securities mentioned. RBC Clearing & Custody does not accept buy, sell, or cancel orders by email, or any instructions by email that would require your signature. Please speak with your Financial Professional. Information contained in this communication is not considered an official record of your account and does not supersede normal trade confirmations or statements.

Any information provided has been prepared from sources believed to be reliable but is not guaranteed, does not represent all available data necessary for making investment decisions and is for informational purposes only. This message is intended only for residents of the states in which the sender is registered as applicable to the content. This email may be privileged and/or confidential, and the sender does not waive any related rights and obligations. Any distribution, use, or copying of this email or the information it contains by other than an intended recipient is unauthorized. If you receive this email in error, please contact your financial professional or RBC WM at 800-759-4029 immediately.

Information received by or sent from this system is subject to review by supervisory personnel, is retained and may be produced to regulatory authorities or others with a legal right to the information.

Unless specified by the sender, email messages are not encrypted. As such, sensitive information sent to or received from RBC Clearing & Custody electronically may not be secure.

Neither RBC Clearing & Custody, a division of RBC Capital Markets, LLC, nor its affiliates provide legal, accounting or tax advice. All legal, accounting or tax decisions regarding your accounts and any transactions or investments entered into in relation to such accounts, should be made in consultation with your independent advisors. No information, including but not limited to written materials, provided by RBC CM should be construed as legal, accounting or tax advice.

With respect to the companies that are the subject of an equity research report not authored by our firm that is included in this electronic mail message, RBC Wealth Management is required to disclose to you certain conflicts of interest. Any such disclosures may be obtained by accessing our website or by mailing a request for such information to:

RBC Wealth Management Research Publishing
250 Nicollet Mall, Suite 1800
Minneapolis, MN 55401-1931

For more information about the products and services we provide, see our website.

RBC Clearing & Custody, a division of RBC Capital Markets, LLC, registered investment adviser and Member NYSE/FINRA/SIPC.